Final Fantasy XIV Disciplines are divided into four classes: Disciples of War, Disciples of Magic, Disciples of the Land, and Disciples of the Hand. Players can concentrate on one discipline only, or attempt to master them all.
Disciples of War
A Disciple of War is, as the name suggests, one who lives to fight. Within this Final Fantasy XIV discipline are FFXIV archers, gladiators, FFXIV lancers, FFXIV marauders or FFXIV pugilists.
Archers learn how to use both shortbows and longbows. Shortbows are used for hunting, longbows for sentry duty. Gladiators are warriors, who fight with blades only, learning to wield a variety of swords. Lancers are also warriors, fighting with lances – also known as polearms, or spears. Marauders fight with battle axes or throwing axes. Got a monster to defeat? You’ll need a marauder. Pugilists are experts in hand-to-hand combat, though they aren’t adverse to throwing a weapon at their opponent first to daze or disorient him before moving in for the kill. For further detail on this Discipline, visit the Final Fantasy XIV Guide website.
Disciples of Magic
A Disciple of Magic is one who prefers to handle battles in a more subtle way. Within this Final Fantasy XIV discipline are FFXIV conjurers and FFXIV thaumaturges. A conjurer uses a wand or a cane to call forth elemental magic – magic that exists in nature. A thaumaturge, on the other hand, conjures up the power within oneself, using a staff to draw upon the magic.
Disciples of the Land
A Disciple of the Land is one who is a farmer, or one who is in touch with the world around him (or her.) Within this Final Fantasy XIV Discipline are FFXIV Miners and FFXIV Botanists. The land of Eorzea has great mineral wealth, which Miners remove from the ground and the mountains with great skill. Botanists grow plant and food for the people.
Visit the FFXIV Guide website for more information about the Disciples of the Land.
Disciples of the Hand
As seen here, a Disciple of the Hand is a crafter, one who creates and designs tools and instruments to make life better for all. Within this Final Fantasy XIV Discipline are FFXIV Alchemists, FFXIV Blacksmiths, FFXIV Culinarians, FFXIV Tanners and FFXIV Weavers. You’d think an Alchemist would be part of the Discipline of Magic, but not so, he or she is a Disciple of the Hand. Alchemists create healing potions. Blacksmiths create or sharpen swords, and have even begun work on firearms. Culinarians cook the food that the adventurers eat. An army, even a small one, truly does march on its stomach. Tanners make clothing and armor, and last but not least, weavers create the cloth that the tanners make into clothing.